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The fifth force of nature and the mystery of dark matter


The fifth force of nature and the mystery of dark matter

A new paper published on Arkaev last October 23, suggests that scientists at the Atomic Institute for Nuclear Research in Hungary have found additional evidence to support the existence of the mysterious 17X particle, which indicates a fifth fundamental force of nature previously unknown.

It is known that there are four "fundamental forces" governing nature, including gravitational force, electromagnetic force, strong nuclear force, and weak nuclear power. They are the forces responsible for assembling and dismantling everything in the universe, moving the biggest objects in the universe to influence the micro-ingredients within the corn nucleus, it is these forces that make our world look what it is

Interpretation of dark matter

If the discovery is confirmed, learning more about 17X will not only make us better understand the forces that govern our world, but will pave the way for the unified fifth power theory, which brings together powerful and weak electromagnetic nuclear powers as "manifestations of a greater and more substantial force," as theoretical physicist Jonathan Feng put it in 2016.

This discovery will also help scientists solve the mystery of dark matter, as researchers believe in the new study that 17X is the particle that connects our visible world to dark matter.

Dark matter is theoretical material that is supposed to account for about 85% of the total mass in the universe, but has not yet been recognized, as it does not react to light in any way, which has previously led to many claims of a fifth fundamental force to interpret it, which was not true.

The presence of a fifth force is now almost certain after the observation of activities associated with a fifth physical force, arising from the decline of the helium isotope. According to the research team, the helium nucleus can produce a short-lived "bozona", referred to as the 17X particle, a totally new pozone, whose mass is calculated at 17 megaelectron volts.

The fifth force of nature and the mystery of dark matter

Not the first time

This is not the first time that the research team has claimed to have discovered particle 17X. Three years ago, they witnessed this in the retreat of the beryllium isotope, where the team spotted itself as an example of the mysterious force itself and the particles it believed to carry.

Attila Krasnahorkai and colleagues from the Nuclear Research Institute of Hungary suspected that something strange had happened in 2016, after analysing the way beryllium-8 emits light as it recedes. The team of scientists was mainly looking for "dark photons", hypothetical particles believed to "carry" dark matter.

To look at these strange forces, the team used a particle accelerator to release particles through a vacuum tube at high speeds. The aim was to observe the way isotopes decompose after rushing to high-energy states, where anomalies in particle behavior could indicate unknown forces.

Therefore, the team closely monitored the degradation of radioactive beryllium-8, an unstable isotope. When beryllium-8 molecules decompose, the team observed unexpected photovoltaic emissions, electrons and positrons from the unstable isotope tend to move away from each other at 140 degrees altogether. This should not happen, in accordance with the Energy Conservation Act. The results indicated that an unknown molecule was created during the decay phase.

New unknown particle

It is believed that the moment the atom decomposes, the excess energy between its briefly formed parts creates a new unknown particle, degrading almost immediately into a recognizable positron and electron pair.

Subsequent analysis suggested that the particle was a new type of boson, the existence of which could help explain dark matter and other phenomena in the universe.

A team of researchers at the University of California, Irvine, suggested that the unknown particles were not dark photons, but bozone, specifically XP boson X-protophobic, indicating a fifth core force.

Posons are molecules in quantum mechanics that carry energy, function as "glue", which brings the material together and controls interactions between physical forces.

The fifth force of nature and the mystery of dark matter

Discovery changes our understanding of the universe

This new "bozone" cannot be one of the four known forces (in the standard physics model, each of the four core forces has its own), thanks to its distinctive mass of approximately 33 times that of an electron. Therefore, all indications are that the "bozone" is the bearer of a fifth new force.

The new boson has the interesting advantage of interacting only with electrons and neutrons at short distances, while electromagnetic forces work on protons and electrons. "

The discovery of a fifth force of nature will completely change our understanding of the universe. If the new discovery is confirmed, physicists hope to usher in what is known as the "unified field theory", which would interpret all cosmic forces coherently, from galaxy formation to the alien nature of quarks.